He was the first Jewish artist to receive academic training: Moritz Daniel Oppenheim (1800-1882). Oppenheim studied Jewish tradition intensively and painted portraits of the most prominent members of the Jewish community in his time. Thus his work constitutes the centrepiece of the art collection. Only a few Jewish artists of the 20th century, such as Ludwig Meidner, Jakob Steinhardt and Hermann Struck, continued this exploration of Judaism in their works.
Werke Jakob Steinhardts
Jakob Steinhardt (1887 - 1968), Heimkehr vom Bethaus (Returning home from Bethaus), watercolour, 1916.
Steinhardt was sent to the Eastern Front – now Poland and Lithuania – as a soldier in World War I. It was there he encountered Eastern European Jewish culture, which he documented in numerous works. This experience also led him to discover his own religion.
Jakob Steinhardt (1887 - 1968), Spaziergang, Zeichnung, 1922.
In addition, the museum also collects works of Jewish artists who do not deal with religious motifs. Their works clearly show that in the first half of the 20th century Jews were a natural part of urban society, from which they were systematically ostracized and which was ultimately taken from them as of 1933. The Jewish Museum collects these works to remind viewers of the multi-faceted German-Jewish art and cultural scene of that period. The museum is also dedicated to contemporary Jewish artists.
Frankfurt Jewish artists
One of the art collection‘s major focal areas is painting and graphic art by Frankfurt Jewish artists, primarily from the 1920s. These artists shaped the city’ artistic life, although they were later ostracized, persecuted and forced into emigration or murdered by the NS regime. Works in this category include, for example, pieces by Samson Fritz Schames (1898–1967). The Jewish Museum presented an overview of his works for the first time in 1989.
We are currently working on a set of around 400 drawings by Expressionist artist Erna Pinner (1890-1987) as well as on the life and works of the forgotten Expressionist Rosy Lilienfeld (1896-1942). With the help of the Society of Friends and Supporters, a new collection focus was created in recent years, supplementing the collection of the o-called "Lost Generation" of artists.
Hermann Struck (1876 - 1944), Gerbermühle in Frankfurt am Main, 1910/11.
Rosy Lilienfeld (1896 - 1942), Handzeichnungen über jüdische Themen und Landschaften: Blick von Sachsenhausen zum Eisernen Steg und Dom, 1926, Kreidezeichnung
Erna Pinner (1890 - 1997), Bolivianische Indianerin, o.J. Aquarell, Bleistift auf dünnem Papier, geklebt auf festem Papier.
Samson (Fritz) Schames (1898 - 1967), Trümmerszene; Bombed House and Broken Wheel Barrow, 1941, Grafik
Arts in Exile in the Ludwig Meidner Archive
The Ludwig Meidner Archive comprises around 2,000 works of the artistic legacy of Expressionist Ludwig Meidner (1884-1966), but also includes additional legacies of exiled artists. Else Meidner (1900-1987), Ludwig Meidner’s pupil and later wife; Kurt Levy (1911-1987), who became a renowned artist in Colombia; Arie Goral (1909-1996), whose paintings demonstrate the belligerent publicist and activist’s poetic side. The painter and stage set designer H. Henry Gowa (1902-1990). The artist Ida (“Adi” Ritter (1900-1975), who emigrated to the US via the Bahamas.
The 21st century contemporary art collection is being built up. It has an international focus and will include photography, sculpture, installations and films in addition to paintings. Our interest lies in aesthetic and conceptual forms of representing a wide variety of different notions of Jewish identity, in the artistic exploration of Jewish tradition, and in Jewish perspectives and reflections on the impact of the Shoah. We commenced with the commissioned work "Untitled" (2018) by Ariel Schlesinger (*1980). The sculpture will be on view in the outside area of the museum from October 2018. An installation entitled "The Glory and the Misery of Our Existence" (2018) by Nir Alon (*1964) will be shown in the former entrance hall of the Rothschild Palais.